Carr’s Milling Industries said it has weathered storms and fire as it delivered annual results ahead of expectations last month.The Carlisle-based agriculture and food company said its Silloth flour mill lost three months’ sales due to damage left by the local McVitie’s biscuit factory in floods in January, as well as the fire that destroyed the New Rathbones bakery in Carlisle in February. But the acquisition of the Meneba mil-ling business, which has two mills in Kirkcaldy, Fife, and Maldon, Essex, has been successful, doubling the size of Carr’s flour milling operation.Carr’s also bought various assets from the administrators of animal feed firm W & J Pye in 2005. This allowed it to rationalise and close mills at Black-burn, Penrith and Shrewsbury. Prospects for further growth are good, with flour trading strongly and the group’s engineering division continuing to improve its performance, chairman Lord Inglewood said.The company said pre-tax profits in the year to Septem-ber 3 were up by 19.8% to £6.14 million on turnover ahead by 23.4% at £192.1m.
The clutch of underperforming degrees is a problem for students – it is likely they include many of the courses whose students feel they are not getting value for money. I believe mass participation in higher education is here to stay and is key to our economic future. But for this vision to be realised in full, universities need to focus relentlessly on value for money. Speaking at the Higher Education Policy Institute (HEPI) conference today (7 June) Sam Gyimah said there are courses on offer that do not lead to rewarding careers and made clear that all students deserve an excellent university experience.The Minister was speaking ahead of the publication of new analysis by the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), commissioned by the Department for Education, which confirms a vast difference in earnings potential for graduates – emphasising the fact that where and what you study really matters and can significantly affect future earnings and career prospects.The IFS analysis shows that women who study one of the bottom 100 courses have earnings up to 64% (approximately £17,000) less than the average degree after graduation. For men, it can be up to 67% (approximately £21,000).Universities Minister Sam Gyimah said: The Minister went on to challenge universities to review their offer to students: Today’s publication has important and far-reaching ramifications for the debate on value for money in Higher Education. These findings demonstrate that studying the same subject at a different institution can yield a very different earnings premium. The choices that students make about what and where to study does matter. We must build a system where everyone with the ability to benefit from a university education has the opportunity to attend, the information they need to make the right decision, and that when they go to university, they receive a first-rate education that delivers real value for money. In addition to commissioning the IFS data, the government has introduced a number of measures to increase transparency in higher education including The Teaching Excellence and Student Outcomes Framework (TEF) to shine a light on standards of teaching at our universities.It is going further than ever before by requiring all universities to publish applications, offers and acceptance rates broken down by gender, ethnicity and socio-economic background.The Office for Students (OfS) is also playing a vital role championing the interests of students, promoting choice and helping to ensure that they are receiving a good deal for their investment in higher education.In the coming weeks, Sam Gyimah will launch an Open Data competition – the first of its kind in the UK Higher Education sector – allowing tech companies and coders to use government data on universities to help students decide where to apply.The findings today support the government’s ambition to ensure all students get a good deal for their investment on higher education and have access to the information they need to make decisions about their future.Earlier this year, the Prime Minister announced a major review of post-18 education and funding that is looking at how students and taxpayers are getting value for money, helping young people make the right choices and ensuring we have a joined up tertiary education system.
Gearing up for their 11th studio album, it’s not us–due out January 12th–Umphrey’s McGee will hit the road hard in 2018, heading to west for their newly-added second leg of the band’s 20th anniversary tour. The previously announced January/February dates include a 3-night residency at New York City’s famed Beacon Theatre, and multiple 2-night runs in Philadelphia, PA and Cincinnati, OH with back-to-back arena shows in Kalamazoo, MI and Asheville, NC. Committed to rocking through more territory, Umphrey’s McGee will charge through February and March with multi-night runs across the mid-west and west coast.Umphrey’s McGee Releases New Single “The Silent Type”, Track List For ‘it’s not us’After taking a year off, UM will return to Aspen for a triple-header at Belly Up Aspen and the tour continues through Salt Lake City, Missoula, Seattle, and two nights at Crystal Ballroom in Portland, culminating with four nights in sunny California. Aspen will host a umVIP program, complete with elevated viewing, a pre-show band meet-and-greet, and more. 2018 is shaping up to be a huge year for the band as they celebrate their 20th Anniversary and bring new music to their legions of fans, and we can’t wait.Along for the ride on the it’s not us tour are several up and coming bands for select dates, including eclectic six-piece powerhouse Big Something, the sweet retro-soul sounds of Nicole Atkins, upbeat Americana energy boosters Hayley Jane & The Primates, young psychedelic southern rock torch holders The Marcus King Band, NOLA genre-defiers The Russ Liquid Test, and LA funk trio Organ Freeman.Pre-sale tickets (through Umphrey’s Ticketing) and Aspen umVIP tickets (through umVIP) will go on sale tomorrow, Wednesday, November 15th, at 10:00 am PT/1:00 pm ET, with public on sales Friday, November 17th at 10:00 am PT/1:00 pm ET. For ticket info and upcoming announcements, please visit the band’s website.UMPHREY’S MCGEE TOUR DATES:December 1-5 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic @ Dominican HolidazeDecember 15 Chicago, IL @ Park West **NON-UM: 15th Annual Brendan & Jake Holiday ShowDecember 29 Denver, CO @ Fillmore AuditoriumDecember 30 Denver, CO @ Fillmore AuditoriumDecember 31 Denver, CO @ Fillmore AuditoriumJanuary 11 Pittsburgh, PA @ Stage AEJanuary 12 Cincinnati, OH @ Taft TheatreJanuary 13 Cincinnati, OH @ Taft TheatreJanuary 19 New York, NY @ The Beacon TheatreJanuary 20 New York, NY @ The Beacon TheatreJanuary 21 New York, NY @ The Beacon TheatreJanuary 25 New Haven, CT @ College Street Music HallJanuary 26 Philadelphia, PA @ The FillmoreJanuary 27 Philadelphia, PA @ The FillmoreJanuary 28 Jim Thorpe, PA @ Penn’s PeakFebruary 1 Columbus, OH @ Express Live!February 2 Kalamazoo, MI @ Wings Event CenterFebruary 3 Kalamazoo, MI @ Wings Event CenterFebruary 15 Washington, DC @ The AnthemFebruary 16 Asheville, NC @ ExploreAsheville.com ArenaFebruary 17 Asheville, NC @ ExploreAsheville.com ArenaFebruary 18 Tampa, FL @ WhigFest Music & Arts FestivalMarch 7 Aspen, CO @ Belly Up AspenMarch 8 Aspen, CO @ Belly Up AspenMarch 9 Aspen, CO @ Belly Up AspenMarch 10 Salt Lake City UT @ The ComplexMarch 14 Missoula, MT @ The WilmaMarch 15 Seattle, WA @ The ShowboxMarch 16 Portland, OR @ Crystal BallroomMarch 17 Portland, OR @ Crystal BallroomMarch 22 South Lake Tahoe, CA @ Harrah’s Lake TahoeMarch 23 Oakland, CA @ The Fox OaklandMarch 24 Los Angeles, CA @ The WilternMarch 25 San Diego, CA @ The Observatory North Park
Live from #GovBallNYC #govball … riots and getting shoved into the storm! Having a blast. Thanks for the hospitality @GovBallNYC. Wish I saw you guys @thestrokes pic.twitter.com/BmioXf3px5— hels ❂ (@xHelenhu) June 3, 2019 This year’s Governors Ball Music Festival didn’t quite close out as planned on Sunday. Severe weather forecasts in the New York City area forced event organizers to delay the start of Sunday’s performances until 6:30 p.m. Just three hours after gates opened, more bad weather forced a complete cancelation and evacuation of the grounds around 9:30 p.m., causing disgruntled fans to take the sad walk back across the R.F.K. Bridge back into Manhattan.Related: Governors Ball Music Festival 2019: The (Shortened) Weekend In Photos [Gallery]On Monday, event organizers sent out an email addressing and somewhat defending their decisions to delay and ultimately cancel the final day on Sunday.“First off we want to sincerely express how sorry and upset we are that the festival had to delay opening and then eventually evacuate yesterday. We work all year round on the festival, and yesterday’s chain of events was the very last thing we ever wanted to occur,” it read to start out a lengthy statement shared. The statement goes on to clarify how the festival’s production teams work closely with the NYC Parks Department, the Mayor’s Office of Citywide Special Events, and New York Police Department to make for a strong, communal effort in hopes of running the large event as smoothly as possible.”“At 9pm, we were alerted by our weather service that two weak weather systems had formed in New Jersey, and while weak, they needed to be monitored closely in case they intensified,” the statement continued. “While on the phone with them at 9:20pm, the two systems combined to create a very strong and very severe threat. There were reported sustained winds of 50+ MPH, a very strong likelihood of thunder and lightning (including cloud to cloud lightning & cloud to ground lightning), and the threat was moving in our direction. We immediately spoke with City officials and began to implement the part of our emergency management plan that calls for evacuation.”All Sunday ticket buyers and 3-Day ticket buyers who purchased their passes through the event will be refunded pro-rata.The email also included plans for a Reddit AMA scheduled for today (June 4th) at 1 p.m. EST, where fans will presumably be allowed to air their grievances.It’s wonderful that the festival organizers are taking initiatives to strengthen the community of fans which Founders Entertainment has spent nearly a decade building since launching “Gov Ball” back in 2011, and it’s a testament to their commitment to that community that they’re opening the floor for questions and grievances at all. After all, there’s nothing anyone can do about the weather, and Gov Ball has made every effort to explain the situation and accommodate the inconvenience to their fans in every way possible.Then again, sometimes people just like to pitch a fit. It will be interesting to hear what some fans have to say about Sunday’s storm via the AMA—after the cancelation of nearly all Sunday’s performances, perhaps a little post-festival entertainment is just what the music doctor ordered. Until then, enjoy the shared social media videos below of Gov Ball attendees freaking out when the Sunday festivities were canceled.
View Comments Show Closed This production ended its run on Jan. 1, 2017 Something Rotten! and Spotlight star Brian d’Arcy James stopped by Late Night on January 26 to chat with Seth Meyers about his wild year. As the Tony nominee says, he’s “riding on a high of caffeine, awards ceremony addiction and Broadway.” Of course, there have been a few speed bumps along the way, like his tuxedo snafu at the Golden Globes; fortunately, Mark Ruffalo and Melissa McCarthy were on the scene to lend a helping hand. Broadway life has also had its hiccups recently, thanks to snowstorm Jonas. D’Arcy James knows that the best activity during a blizzard is a good book, which is why he picked up what he thought was Moby Dick. (Spoiler alert: it wasn’t.) He also tells the tale of meeting Hillary Clinton (for the second time) after a performance of Hamilton at the Public, where the presidential candidate totally Miranda Priestly-ed him. Check out the clips below to hear what happened! Something Rotten! Related Shows
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享OilPrice.com:The financial struggles of the U.S. shale industry are becoming increasingly hard to ignore, but drillers in Appalachia are in particularly bad shape.The Permian has recently seen job losses, and for the first time since 2016, the hottest shale basin in the world has seen job growth lag the broader Texas economy. The industry is cutting back amid heightened financial scrutiny from investors, as debt-fueled drilling has become increasingly hard to justify.But E&P companies focused almost exclusively on gas, such as those in the Marcellus and Utica shales, are in even worse shape. An IEEFA analysis found that seven of the largest producers in Appalachia burned through about a half billion dollars in the third quarter.Gas production continues to rise, but profits remain elusive. “Despite booming gas output, Appalachian oil and gas companies consistently failed to produce positive cash flow over the past five quarters,” the authors of the IEEFA report said. Of the seven companies analyzed, five had negative cash flow, including Antero Resources, Chesapeake Energy, EQT, Range Resources, and Southwestern Energy. Only Cabot Oil & Gas and Gulfport Energy had positive cash flow in the third quarter.The sector was weighed down but a sharp drop in natural gas prices, with Henry Hub off by 18 percent compared to a year earlier. But the losses are highly problematic. After all, we are more than a decade into the shale revolution and the industry is still not really able to post positive cash flow. Worse, these are not the laggards; these are the largest producers in the region.The outlook is not encouraging. The gas glut is expected to stick around for a few years. Bank of America Merrill Lynch has repeatedly warned that unless there is an unusually frigid winter, which could lead to higher-than-expected demand, the gas market is headed for trouble. “A mild winter across the northern hemisphere or a worsening macro backdrop could be catastrophic for gas prices in all regions,” Bank of America said in a note in October. [Nick Cunningham]More: Shale’s debt-fueled drilling boom is coming to an end U.S. shale producers still struggling to find a profitable path
Mark D. Killian Managing Editor The Supreme Court has told the legislature that to “ensure the rule of law in Florida is not compromised,” 88 new judgeships need to be created this year.In its annual certification opinion, the court said Florida needs 51 new circuit, 33 new county, and four more appellate jurists.“The goal is to provide an effective and efficient justice system for Florida’s growing population that will ensure and protect the rule of law, the cornerstone of democracy in our state and our nation,” the court said in its per curiam opinion.The court said the key to the operation of the rule of law is the core belief that justice must be timely dispensed to truly be justice. This, in turn, implies a judicial system with sufficient resources to make timeliness possible, the court said. “We also stress that our certification is not a statement of what Florida state courts subjectively want,” the court said. “Rather, it is a statement of what the state courts objectively need to meet their workload, using accepted standards of measurement.”For the circuits, the court certified a need for: • Six additional circuit judges each for the Fifth, 11th, and 17th circuits; • Five additional circuit judges for the Ninth Circuit; • Four additional circuit judges for the 13th Circuit; • Three additional circuit judges each for the First, Sixth, 15th, 19th, and 20th circuits; • Two additional circuit judges each for the Fourth, Seventh, and 10th circuits; and • One additional circuit judge each for the Third, Eighth, and 14th circuits.For the counties, the court asked for: • Six additional county judges for Broward County; • Four additional county judges each for Orange and Hillsborough counties; • Three additional county judges for Palm Beach County; • Two additional judges for Pinellas and Brevard counties; and • One additional county judge each for Columbia, Duval, Lake, Marion, Pasco, Volusia, Dade, Bay, Seminole, Martin, St. Lucie, and Collier counties.At the district court of appeal level, the court requested two new judges for the Second DCA and one each for the Fourth and Fifth DCAs.Last year the Supreme Court called for 56 new judges and got none. Eighteen new judgeships were created two years ago.“Our analysis in past years—and again today—has not only been conservative but has strongly emphasized the need to use less expensive alternatives and to maximize efficiency before seeking more judges,” the court wrote. “We have steadily moved toward court models that rely heavily on alternatives and skilled support staff.”At the trial level, the court said, these efficiencies have included hiring case managers who screen and organize cases to ensure all legal matters are fully in order before they go before a judge, “guaranteeing the most efficient use of judge time.” Other efficiencies include the use of hearing officers and masters to hear matters such as disputes over child support and traffic tickets, and the use of mediation and other cost-saving measures that have reduced the need for certifying even more judges, the court said.“All of these measures ensure that preliminary organizational and ministerial work is done by administrative staff, freeing trial judges to do their essential and unique task — adjudication,” the court said.In the district courts of appeal, these models have included adding staff attorneys to conduct research and to do preliminary screening and analysis of cases, the court said, thus freeing the judges to devote “their important and more costly time to their most crucial duty—deciding appeals.”The court also noted the DCAs’ efforts are highlighted by a voluntary decision by the district court judges to increase their own recommended caseload by 40 percent, in lieu of adding more judges.“We also must acknowledge the very positive efforts of the legislature in responding to the needs of the judicial branch,” the court said. “We understand the competing priorities lawmakers face in every session. Despite these pressures, the legislature still has funded a number of new judgeships at the trial and appellate levels in recent years. It has also responded favorably to requests for additional resources that have greatly improved the efficiency of our courts.”Third Branch of GovernmentFlorida’s courts are nearing an historic crossroad in the months ahead — one that will determine the health and stability of the courts for decades to come, the court said.In 1998, the voters approved Revision 7 to Article V, shifting a greater portion of the costs of trial courts from the counties to the state by July 1 of this year.“There is much at stake for the residents of Florida as we make this shift to unified state funding of the courts,” the court said. “The most significant challenge is to ensure that the rule of law is not compromised in Florida’s communities, and, critically, that the level of services provided in Florida’s 20 judicial circuits not be reduced on July 1, 2004.”The court said “observant and respected groups” like the Florida Council of 100 have expressed concern that Florida’s court system has been under-resourced.“As the legislature assumes greater responsibility for the state’s courts, legislative support in providing adequate judicial resources and operating costs is vital to maintain the existing high quality of justice we have provided, and indeed that our citizens expect and deserve,” the court said. “We are fortunate that the legislature has a history over the last decade of providing many of the resources courts need.”The court said it fully understands the competing funding priorities that confront the legislature, but also recognizes the significant need for adequate funding of the third branch of government in the face of unprecedented growth in the nation’s fourth largest state.The court said backlogs of cases would become inevitable without enough judges to preside over and dispose of cases, and without sufficient operating costs and resources to support them.“In sum, justice itself would be delayed,” the court said, noting that preventing that from happening deserves priority.“If adequate resources are not provided, the courts would be required to shift resources from civil proceedings to criminal matters, thereby unavoidably delaying cases involving mortgage foreclosures, landlord-tenant matters, contract disputes, and other civil concerns that are essential to flourishing business operations and a prosperous economy in this state and to the well-being of its families.”Courts in other states have suffered devastating cuts in recent years, and their experiences demonstrate that inadequate funding can gravely impair court operations, the court said.In New Hampshire, jury trials were suspended for two months in 2002 and for three months in 2003. In Colorado, courthouses were recently forced to close one week per month, and court proceedings in Oregon were suspended one day per week last year.“It is critical that Florida avoid similar harm to its justice system, and the fact that we have avoided problems as serious as these is largely due to the legislature’s efforts,” the court said.Yet, Florida’s budget for the courts has consistently been less than 1 percent of the state’s budget.“In short, while bearing an enormous caseload, Florida’s courts have provided a genuine bargain to the people of Florida,” the court said. “Our judiciary’s continuing tradition of excellence will now depend on whether its current standards continue to be funded. We are confident the legislature will continue to provide these resources.”The court said judicial needs remains high for two primary reasons—the lack of funding for previously certified judgeships and caseload increases.Overall, county court filings, excluding civil traffic infractions, have increased 7 percent from fiscal year 1999-2000 to FY 2001-2002, and are projected to grow at a similar rate for the next few years. Total county civil filings, excluding civil traffic infractions, increased by more than 23 percent from 1999-2000 to 2001-2002 and are projected to increase another 22 percent from 2001-2002 to 2002-2003.“For those courts requesting county judgeships, one of the most significant increases at the county court level from fiscal year 1999-2000 to fiscal year 2001-2002 occurred in civil case filings,” the court said.The court said small claims filings for those courts requesting county judgeships have increased approximately 47 percent from 1999-2000 to 2001-2002, and those small claims are generally filed by unrepresented litigants who are often unfamiliar with court rules and procedures, and thus can require a considerable amount of judge time.Other factors impacting the workload of county courts, the justices said, include large increases in population, the necessity of judges and personnel traveling between branch courthouses in urban counties, the creation of branch courthouses in urban counties, and a lack of traffic infraction hearing officers.“Several circuit court chief judges have expressed concern to this court that judicial workload has been increased by the elimination of court staff in the budget reductions made during the 2003 legislative session,” the court said. “Among the more serious cuts were the elimination of the juvenile alternative sanctions coordinators and five model dependency courts throughout the state.”The court said those juvenile alternative sanctions coordinators were largely responsible for providing judges with effective and efficient alternative sanctions and other disposition techniques in delinquency proceedings. The elimination of all of these case managers and general masters effectively required circuit judges in those circuits to absorb the additional workload, the court said.“Simply put, it is far more cost effective to maintain our existing structure with its efficient utilization of supplemental resources than to either pay for a significantly higher number of judges or, conversely, to suffer the adverse consequences of delay and backlog if new judgeships are not sufficiently funded,” the court said.District Courts of AppealThe court also noted the workload at the DCAs has increased steadily over the last 10 years, yet, the districts have been “measured and modest” in their requests for new judgeships.“They have chosen to employ a variety of less expensive means of addressing increased workload. These have included the development of case management systems, the increased use of senior judge time, the increased use of information technology to assist with legal research, and the expanded use of staff attorneys.”In spite of these efforts, the court said, judicial workload in the districts is becoming too great.“In the face of this workload, the district court of appeal judges have voluntarily agreed to carry even higher caseloads before they seek additional judges on their courts,” the court said. “In 2002, this court directed the Commission on District Court of Appeal Performance and Accountability to conduct an in-depth study of workload and related policy issues for the district courts of appeal. That commission, with the support of district court of appeal judges, has recommended the adoption of a new and substantially increased appellate court workload standard—350 primary assignment case filings per judge. This recommended standard is 100 more than the current standard of 250 case filings per judge as identified in rule 2.035(b)(2), Florida Rules of Judicial Administration.”It thus requires appellate judges to shoulder a caseload burden 40 percent greater than before in determining the need for additional judges, the court said.“This new standard further underscores the benefits of cost-saving measures now being used in the courts,” the court said. “The infusion of support staff and other resources over the last decade has enabled the district courts to keep pace with rising workload increases by achieving greater efficiency.”But even under this increased standard, it is apparent that the Second, Fourth, and Fifth districts now require additional judges, the court said. In the district courts of appeal statewide, there was an average of approximately 389 case filings per judge in fiscal year 2002-2003. However, the Fourth and Fifth districts experienced approximately 423 and 420 case filings per judge, respectively, for the same time period. In fiscal year 2002-2003, approximately 430 cases per judge were filed in the Second District, the court said.“Florida’s state courts system is at a critical juncture. Much is at stake,” the court said. “This is a time of great risk and great opportunity. We must take every step to minimize the risk and invoke every measure to ensure that we do not miss the opportunity to maintain a fair and effective justice system worthy of public trust throughout Florida.” Supreme Court calls for 88 new judges January 15, 2004 Managing Editor Regular News Supreme Court calls for 88 new judges
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Two 24-year-old men were shot and wounded in their hometown of Central Islip on Wednesday afternoon, Suffolk County police said.Officers responded to 911 calls of shots fired on Peach Street, where they found Keith Vann shot in the leg and abdomen and James Anderson shot in the lower leg shortly before 1 p.m.They were taken to Southside Hospital in Bay Shore, where they were treated for non-life threatening injuries.Witnesses told investigators that they saw a black man driving a gold or tan SUV was seen fleeing the scene shortly after the shooting.Third Squad detectives are continuing the investigation and ask anyone with information about this incident to contact them at 631-854-8352 or call anonymously to Crime Stoppers at 1-800-220-TIPS. All calls will be kept confidential.
continue reading » The House Financial Services Committee is expected to approve several regulatory relief bills that would help credit unions today after approving the NAFCU-backed Mortgage Choice Act of 2017 (H.R. 1153) on a 46-13 vote yesterday evening.Once passed by the committee, the bills will await action by the full House.H.R. 1153 would adjust Truth in Lending Act (TILA) mortgage rules by exempting from the qualified mortgage cap on points and fees any affiliated title charges and escrow charges for taxes and insurance. When discussing the bill during yesterday’s mark-up, subcommittee Chairman Blaine Luetkemeyer, R-Mo., cited statements from NAFCU witness Rick Stafford, president and CEO of Tower Federal Credit Union, on the need to pass H.R. 1153 to foster competition in the mortgage market.Other bills expected to be approved by the committee today include: 9SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr
He also christened the media mogul with a new nickname: “Mini Mike.”All this height-shaming is not new for the Republican leader. He also has slapped ‘little’ or ‘liddle’ (or even liddle’, apostrophe included) on a number of lawmakers of varying heights — Adam Schiff, Marco Rubio, Bob Corker, to name a few.Mini Mike is a short ball (very) hitter. Tiny club head speed. KEEP AMERICA GREAT! https://t.co/5DUj16jtZf— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) February 11, 2020Indeed, Trump seems keenly aware that in America, height matters. What sets Trump apart is how unabashedly he is trying to use it to his advantage. When Donald Trump literally belittles his perceived enemies — by mocking their stature — he is weaponizing a long-standing maxim of US presidential politics: taller guys tend to win the White House.Trump — who stands at about 6’3″ (1m90) depending on which source you use — has hammered away of late at Mike Bloomberg, the former New York mayor whose campaign for the Democratic nomination is gathering pace.Bloomberg officially is 5’8”, but in recent tweets and interviews, Trump has lopped four inches off and alleged that Bloomberg asked to stand on a box during Democratic primary debates. “It is not typical of what presidents do,” said Gregg Murray, a political scientist at Augusta University in Georgia who has studied the role of height in how Americans vote.Jealousy Look back at Trump’s recent predecessors and they were all at least six feet tall, or close to it — Barack Obama, George W. Bush, his father, Bill Clinton, Ronald Reagan, to name a few.Indeed, Americans are so caught up with the height of their leaders that during one of the 2016 Republican presidential debates, Google has said the most frequent online search was not about a policy issue. It was about how tall Jeb Bush was (answer: 6’3″).This predilection for taller leaders — more stature suggesting more strength, especially in times of strife, says Murray — is hardly a uniquely American thing.To wit, Prime Ministers Shinzo Abe of Japan and Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel are both taller than the average man in their countries. While he is not an elected leader, so is President Xi Jinping of China, who stands 5’11”. France’s Charles de Gaulle was a towering 6’5″. Jacques Chirac was 6’2″. Of course, Nicolas Sarkozy was 5’5″.But in general, experts say tall folk have an advantage in politics — and other walks of life as well.”There is overwhelming evidence that tall people have a much better chance to reach higher positions in organizations” in any country, said Abraham Buunk, a Dutch academic who co-authored a 2013 study in Leadership Quarterly entitled “Tall claims? Sense and nonsense about the importance of height of US presidents.””The advantage of taller candidates is potentially explained by perceptions associated with height: taller presidents are rated by experts as ‘greater,’ and having more leadership and communications skills,” the study said.The world’s tallest men on average are the Dutch at six feet, according to the scientific journal eLife.Buunk said he and three colleagues took note, and eventually studied American presidents, when a Canadian graduate student colleague who had always thought he was tall came to the Netherlands and “felt rather average.””We decided to examine the psychological effects of height, starting with jealousy,” Buunk wrote in an email to AFP.Elections lure tall candidatesIn the United States, in presidential elections held through 2012, the taller of the two major-party candidates won 58 percent of the time. Murray says this is largely because elections tend to lure taller people as candidates.”It’s not like we all get in a room and point to the people who are taller,” he told AFP. “Tall males are much more likely to think themselves qualified to be a leader and are therefore much more likely to put themselves forward as a leader.”In this campaign, two women are running for the Democratic nomination — Elizabeth Warren is about 5’8”, the same as rival Pete Buttigieg.Amy Klobuchar is several inches shorter — in a debate in December, she quipped that James Madison had been “a pretty good size for a president — he was five-foot-four.”In 2016, Trump’s Democratic opponent Hillary Clinton stood at about 5’5”.During one of their presidential debates that year, Trump stood behind Clinton at one point as she spoke — seen as camera-hogging clowning by some, and outright bullying by others.Murray argued that in America, at the national level at least, height is a built-in problem for women because it prevents them from looking “physically formidable” for voters seeking a leader they deem to be strong.Of course, as much as Trump tries to depict himself as taller than his opponents and says he is 6’3″, it does not always work. Just look at photos from the 2016 Republican debates — Jeb Bush is clearly taller.Topics :